Compile was a Japanese video game company founded in 1983. Founded by Masamitsu Niitani (otherwise simply known as 'Moo'), they were responsible for developing some of the most colourful and popular action and puzzle games ever made, including their signature franchise, Puyo Puyo. Although they created games for many systems, they were noted for particularly strong support of the MSX and Turbo Grafx 16, as well as a number of notable games on the NES and Sega Master System.
Compile created the Madou Monogatari franchise, which blossomed into their most famous puzzle game, Puyo Puyo, as well as vertical shooters (such as the Zanac and Aleste series) and countless other less successful games. Although they specialised in shoot 'em up and puzzle games, Compile created games in many genres across many platforms. In 1998, Compile and Sega worked together on the development of Puyo Puyon, with the first release being seen on the Dreamcast before porting to the Nintendo 64 and PlayStation.
Compile filed for bankruptcy and disbanded in 2002, though its spirit lives on in Aiky, founded afterwards by several ex-employees. Aiky published Compile's last game, completed before their collapse, Pochi and Nya. Another company that spun off from Compile was Milestone Inc., and the company focuses on arcade shoot 'em ups. Yet another company, Compile Heart, hopes to revive the Compile brand name with the assistance of former Compile employees like Puyo Puyo creator "Moo" Niitani. The rights to Puyo Puyo, however, are currently held by Sega. New games in the franchise are produced by Sega's subsidiary Sonic Team.