|The 3DO Company|
|Located||Redwood City, California|
The 3DO Company (formerly THDO on the NASDAQ stock exchange), also known as 3DO, was a video game console developer and third-party game developer. It was founded in 1991 under the name SMSG, Inc. (for San Mateo Software Games) by Electronic Arts co-founder Trip Hawkins in a partnership with seven other companies, including Matsushita, AT&T, MCA, Time Warner, and Electronic Arts.
When the company was first founded, its original objective was to create a next-generation, CD-based video game system which would be manufactured by various partners and licensees; 3DO would collect a royalty on each console sold and on each game manufactured. To game publishers, the low $3 royalty rate per game was a better deal than the higher royalties paid to Nintendo and Sega when making games for their consoles. The launch of the platform in October, 1993 was well-promoted, with a great deal of press attention in the mass media as part of the "multimedia wave" in the computer world at the time.
Unfortunately the 3DO console itself was priced at $700, and the promised "early adopters" never showed up to purchase mass quantities of games. When Sony announced they were coming out with the PlayStation 3DO refused to compete with the honored company and abandoned the 3DO and the M2 project. In 1996, The 3DO Company sold its next generation console, codenamed M2, to Matsushita and changed its business to develop and publish games for other game consoles and PCs.
After abandoning the 3DO console the company acquired Cyclone Studios, Archetype Interactive and New World Computing. The company's biggest hit was its series of Army Men games, featuring the generic green plastic soldier toys that had been re-popularized by the unrelated movie Toy Story. Its Might and Magic and Heroes of Might and Magic series from subsidiary New World Computing were also popular and lucrative for the company. During the late 1990s, the company published one of the first 3D MMORPGs: Meridian 59, which survives on to this day at the hands of some of the game's original developers.
With the exception of its well-received High Heat Baseball franchise, most of the company's games were critically panned and failed to catch on with many consumers who eventually avoided purchasing sequels to the earlier 3DO games that disappointed them.
After struggling for several years, the company filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in May 2003. Employees were laid off without pay, and the company's game brands and other intellectual properties were sold to rivals like Microsoft, Namco, Crave, and Ubisoft, and also to founder Trip Hawkins, who paid $405,000 for rights to some older brands and the company's "Internet patent portfolio". Trip went on to found Digital Chocolate, a mobile-based gaming company.
- Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (2004, cancelled)
- Army Men: Air Combat - The Elite Missions (2003)
- Heroes of Might and Magic IV (2002)
- Army Men RTS (2002)
- Dragon Rage (2001)
- Army Men: Green Rogue (2001)
- Army Men World War: Final Front (2001)
- Warriors of Might and Magic (2000)
- Army Men: Air Attack 2 (2000)
- Army Men: Sarge's Heroes 2 (2000)
- Army Men: Air Tactics (2000)
- Army Men: World War (2000)
- Might and Magic VIII: Day of the Destroyer (2000)
- Crusaders of Might and Magic (1999)
- Army Men: Air Attack (1999)
- Army Men: Sarge's Heroes (1999)
- Army Men 3D (1999)
- Heroes of Might and Magic III: The Restoration of Erathia (1999)
- Killing Time (1997)
- Meridian 59 (1996)
3DO no longer has an official homepage
- 3DO.com on September 26, 2003 (courtesy of Internet Archive Wayback Machine)
- 3DO.com index at Internet Archive Wayback Machine
- 3DO profile on MobyGames
- 3DO Today - Large 3DO resource site
- A catalogue of 3DO games for the 3DO Multiplayer - run 3DO Kid
This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total.
Pages in category "The 3DO Company"
The following 13 pages are in this category, out of 13 total.
- Heroes of Might and Magic
- Heroes of Might and Magic II: The Price of Loyalty
- Heroes of Might and Magic II: The Succession Wars
- Heroes of Might and Magic III: Armageddon's Blade
- Heroes of Might and Magic III: The Restoration of Erathia
- Heroes of Might and Magic III: The Shadow of Death
- Heroes of Might and Magic IV